Difference Between Wildlife Sanctuary, Biosphere Reserves and National Park

Difference Between Wildlife Sanctuary, Biosphere Reserves and National Park: With the changing environmental conditions and human activities of Industrialization, nature is getting slowly losing its vital species, and hence to save nature its wildlife, and its natural resources a need arises to make Wildlife Sanctuary, Biosphere Reserves, and National Park.

If you are looking for the basic answer on the Difference Between Wildlife Sanctuary, Biosphere Reserves, and National Park? Yes, we have provided it in detail in this post.

We have provided in-depth and research-oriented differences which you will never find at any other place. Hence keep reading and taking notes for yourself.

Also Read: Important Acts For UPSC 2021

Here we have in-depth explained the differences between them.

Wildlife SanctuaryBiosphere ReservesNational Park
A wildlife sanctuary is an area of nature owned by the government or a private agency for the protection of particular species of flora or fauna during a part of the year or in its entirety. A biosphere reserve is a term given to an area for the conservation of the resources of the biosphere and the improvement of the relationship between man and the environment. A national park is a reserved area of land owned by the government which is protected from industrialization, human exploitation, and pollution. 
This is generally species oriented: For whole ecosystemThis is a habitat for particular wilf life species.
Animals, birds, insects, reptiles, etcMeant to preserve the biodiversity of a specified areaFlora, fauna, landscape, historical objects, etc
Restrictions are less and open to visitations by the general publicA typical biosphere reserve is divided into the followingCore (no human activity is there), Buffer (limited human activity is permitted), Manipulation zone (several human activities can occur in this zone).Highly restricted, random access to the general public is not allowed
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has defined  it as a Category IV type of protected areasSubject to the particular area of the biosphere reserveInternational Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and its World Commission on Protected Areas, has defined it as a Category II type of protected areas
Size range is 0.61 to 7818 sq. km. Most common is 100 to 500 sq. km. in about 40% cases. In 25% cases size varies from 500 to 1000 sq. km.Size range is over 5670 kms.In India most common average size is 100-500 sq. km. Most common almost 40% is 100-500 sq. km and in 500-1000 in 15% and general size range is 0.04 to 3162
Bounderies are not sacrosanct.Fixed by legislationsBounderies are fixed by legislations.
Have limited biotic interference.Except the buffer zones no biotic interference.Except the buffer zones no biotic interference.
Tourism is permissibleNormally not permissibleTourism persmissible
Research and scientific management is lacking.Managed.Research and scientific management is lacking.

So, for a better and living planet, we must need to preserve our natural resources. And we also try to conserve it. Because of imbalances by human activities, our mother earth is depleting, polluting and its species are on the verge of extinction.

Hence preserving them all is essential for this planet to maintain its balance in a proper and healthy way.

So, wildlife sanctuaries, biosphere reserves, and national parks are the best and unique places to do that.

Hence we all must try to preserve our natural resources and help in a small way to nature.

FAQ about Wildlife Sanctuary, Biosphere Reserves, and National Park

Which is the first national park established in India?

In 1936 as Hailey National Park: Its recent name is Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand.

What is the largest and smallest Biosphere reserve in India?

The largest Biosphere reserve in India: Gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat, and the smallest Biosphere Reserve in India: Dibru-Saikhowa in Assam.

Can you explain the list of Wildlife Sanctuary?

Yes, Here you can click and find out list of Wildlife Sanctuary

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